Resource: New Hmong Studies Annotated Bibliography

Hmong-Related Works, 1996-2006: An Annotated Bibliography newly published by Scarecrow Press

The Hmong are a mountain-dwelling ethnic group residing in southwest China. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Hmong began migrating southeast to Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. Then in the second half of the 20th century, due mainly to their participation in the Second Indochina War (1954-1975), the Hmong began migrating to the West. Today, the Hmong are one of the fastest growing ethnic origin populations in the United States, growing from about 94,000 in the 1990 census to about 210,000 in the U.S. census bureau’s 2006 American Community Survey.

With this rapid expansion in the population, a substantially increased interest in Hmong-related written works, multimedia materials, and websites among students, scholars, service professionals, and the general public has arisen. To help meet that interest, author Mark E. Pfeifer has compiled Hmong-Related Works 1996-2006: An Annotated Bibliography, which includes full reference information (including internet links to articles where available) and descriptive summaries for 610 Hmong-related works. The work is organized into the following subject areas: Hmong in Asia, Hmong culture, The Hmong Language, Traditional Hmong Religion and Christianity, Hmong Music and Storytelling, Hmong Embroidery and Clothing, Hmong American Cultural Arts, The War in Laos and Refugee Resettlement Issues, Hmong Families, Parenting, and Gender Roles, Settlement Patterns, Housing and Socioeconomic Incorporation, Hmong Cultural Adaptation, Race Relations, The Law, and Political Incorporation, Literacy and Educational Adaptation, Physical and Mental Health, Personal Narratives of Hmong Americans, Juvenile Literature and Curriculum Materials for Teachers, Videos and DVDs, Internet Resources.


Mark Pfeifer is an Academic Librarian at Texas A&M University in Corpus Christi. From 2000-2006, he worked at the Hmong Cultural Center in St. Paul, where he developed the Hmong Resource Center Library, an extensive collection of Hmong-related academic works. Pfeifer is also editor of the Hmong Studies Journal and the Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center (

Further information on this volume may be obtained at:
the Scarecrow Press website at:

Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD
Hmong Cultural Center
Editor, Hmong Studies Journal and Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center
Hmong Studies Journal Website: Education
Hmong Resources Portal Website:

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